SIMS Hospital gives a new lease of life to a 38-year old Tanzanian affected by ameloblastoma
Ends his 14-year-old misery of pain, functional discomfort, and social stigma in 14 days
The Chennai based SIMS (SRM Institutes for Medical Science) Hospital, one of the leading super specialty quaternary care hospitals in Tamil Nadu, puts an end to a thirty-eight-year-old Tanzanian patient’s pain and misery of 14 years caused by more than 1 kg weighing Ameloblastoma in the lower jaw. Lack of early medical intervention and diagnostic facilities in his country made it difficult for him to even chew and eat his food, which in turn affected his overall quality of life significantly. With a defective and continuously increasing lump on the jawbone, the Tanzanian patient was referred to SIMS, Vadapalani, Chennai by his Government for a holistic treatment.
Speaking on the medical condition and the technical procedure followed during the treatment, Dr. K. Sridhar, Head-Craniofacial, Aesthetic and Plastic Surgery, SIMS, said, “Our first assessment revealed a huge ball sized tumour that was causing severe pain, swelling, and facial deformity for the Tanzanian patient. With initial screenings through, we diagnosed the lump to be ameloblastoma that required complex
surgical correction given its unusual size. During the initial virtual
observation, the assessment we took into consideration and carefully evaluated the key parameters including the size of the tumor, the length of fibular graft needed, And the shape of graft for precise calculations and further procedure. For, these are the parameters that will determine the restoration of his oral function and appearance.
It required a reconstruction of the entire mandible including both sides of the jaw. This necessitated a 4 piece reconstruction having different angulation and dimensions. Complex virtual planning in a computer was required to have a final result for a natural appearance.
This required a team approach having reconstructive plastic surgeons, maxillofacial surgeons, specialists in implantology, and a computer engineer, apart from a highly skilled Aneasthesia team.
“Thus began the whole treatment process of transferring a virtual plan to clinical operation with a holistic approach to help that Tanzanian patient regain his normal life, to eat well, become more socially acceptable sans the stigma. The meticulous preparation with the key advanced 3-Dimensional CT techniques of medical image processing and printing, planning of tumor resection, and fibular resection for graft harvesting, graft shaping, and fixation, as well as planning, designing and fabrication of the templates for clinical realization of the plan, all were being discussed to the last details. Such fabricated virtual model significantly improves the quality and efficiency of the surgery, with less time-consumed at the operation theatre and the patient satisfaction with both the recovery of oral function and appearance’.