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Best Neurologist in Chennai | Brain Tumor Surgery | Radiation Therapy –SIMS

Brain Tumors - Overview

A Brain tumor is an abnormal group of cells developing in or around the brain. Tumors can destroy healthy cells of the brain and disrupt proper brain function. Brain tumor surgery options depend on the type of brain tumor you have, how quickly a brain tumor grows and how it will affect the function of your nervous system.

Types of Brain Tumors

There are different types of brain tumors exist.

  • Benign: Non-cancerous tumors do not include cancer cells, and the outlook for benign tumors is usually very good and grows slowly. But benign tumors are harmful when they press on vital structures such as blood vessels or nerves.

  • Malignant: are cancerous tumors, grows rapidly and spreads to nearby healthy areas of the brain. Although often referred to as brain cancer, malignant brain tumors do not spread to organs outside the brain and spine.

  • Primary Brain Tumors:Tumors that originate from the tissues or immediate surroundings of the brain. Primary brain tumors may spread to other parts of the brain or to the spine but rarely affect other organs.

  • Metastatic: Brain tumors begin as Cancer can originate in other parts of your body and spread to your brain. They develop when cancer cells are carried in the bloodstream. Lung and breast are the most common cancers that spread to the brain.

Signs and Symptoms of Brain Tumors

The most common signs and symptoms of brain tumors can vary greatly, depending on the size, location, and rate of growth of the brain tumor.

  • Recurrent headaches
  • Vision problems
  • Paralysis on one side of the body
  • Brain seizures
  • Difficulty speaking or communicating as usual
  • Neuropsychiatric Symptoms
  • Increases intracranial pressure causing drowsiness, migraine, nausea, vomiting and slack response.

Some Specific Brain Tumor Symptoms include:

  • Frontal lobe tumors: Cause emotional and behavioral changes; motivation or inhibition; a diminished sense of smell or loss of vision; stiffness on one side of the body; reduced cognitive ability and loss of memory.

  • Parietal lobe tumors: Includes speech disability; problems in writing, drawing or naming; lack of recognition; visual difficulties and eye-hand coordination.

  • Occipital lobe tumors: Loss of vision in one or both eyes, visual field damage, blurry vision, dizziness, hallucinations.

  • Temporal lobe tumors: Can cause language difficulties in communicating and understanding; short-term and long-term memory problems; violent behavior.

  • Brainstem tumors: Muscle weakness on one side of the face and one side of the body, uncoordinated gait, drooping eyelid or double vision, hearing loss and vomiting.

  • Pituitary gland tumors: Increased secretion of hormones a stop in menstruation, abnormal secretion of milk, and decreased libido.

Be sure to discuss with your healthcare team as soon as possible about any new symptoms or changes in existing symptoms. So your Doctor may be able to help you handle the symptoms and minimize their impact on your life.

Diagnosis at SIMS

Our Best neurologist Team uses computed tomography (CT scanning) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to identify a brain tumor. Certain sequences of MRI can help the surgeon plan tumor resection based on the location of the brain’s normal nerve pathways.

In surgery, intraoperative MRI is used to monitor tissue biopsies and removal of the tumor. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is used to analyze the chemical composition of the tumor and to determine the existence of the MRI lesions. Positron emission tomography (PET scan) can help to detect recurrent brain tumors.

Sometimes a biopsy is the only way to make a definitive diagnosis of a brain tumor. The neurosurgeon performs the biopsy and the pathologist makes the final diagnosis, determining whether the tumor appears benign or malignant, and identifying it accordingly.

Brain Tumors Treatments

Brain tumor treatment are treated with a variety of therapies. The recommended type of treatment depends on the tumor’s size and type, growth rate, brain position, and patient’s overall health.

  • Endoscopic Neuro-Surgery
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Visualize surgery
  • Skull base endoscopic surgery

SIMS Neurology Specialist goals are curative therapy and symptoms relief. The experienced and expert team of doctors with the latest technology makes the institute a centre of excellence which provides comprehensive and multi-disciplinary care for disorders of the brain, treatment for stroke, and spine.


SIMS Hospital is equipped with all leading and advanced technologies that are improving the life span and quality of life for many people. Institute of Neuroscience is Best Neurology Hospital in Chennai led by a team of highly qualified Neurologists, neurosurgeons, interventional neuro-radiologist and allied disciplines to provide the best possible care for patients.

The Neuroscience Team

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