anxiety

Anxiety

What are anxiety disorders?

Anxiety is the normal response to stress in your body. It’s a sense of fear or uncertainty about what’s going to happen. Going to a job interview or a speech on the first day of school will cause many people to feel scared and anxious. Disorders of anxiety are the most common form of emotional disorder and at any age can affect anyone.

But if your anxiety feelings are extreme, last longer than six months, and interfere with your life, you may have a disorder of anxiety.

What are the types of anxiety disorders?

Anxiety is a key component of various disorders. These include,
• Panic disorder: Having repeated attacks of fear at unexpected times. In fear of the next panic attack, a person with panic disorder will live.
• Phobia: over-fear of a particular object, circumstance or event.
• Social anxiety disorder: Deep anxiety in social situations of being viewed by others.
• Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Recurring irrational thoughts that contribute to common, repetitive behaviors.
• Separation anxiety disorder: Anxiety of being away from home or those who are missing.
• Illness anxiety disorder: Anxiety about your health.
• Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): Anxiety following a traumatic event.

What are the symptoms of anxiety?

  • Rapid breathing
  • Restlessness
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Trouble concentrating
  • Increased heart rate

The signs of anxiety may be completely different from those of someone else. That’s why understanding all the ways anxiety can show itself is critical.

What is an anxiety attack?

Common symptoms of an anxiety attack include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Dry mouth
  • Sweating
  • Chills or hot flashes
  • Apprehension and worry
  • Restlessness
  • distress
  • Feeling faint or dizzy
  • Numbness or tingling
  • Fear

What are treatments for anxiety?

Anxiety treatment falls into two categories: medication and psychotherapy. Meeting a therapist or psychologist can help you learn how to use tools and strategies to cope with anxiety when it happens.

Medications typically used to treat anxiety include antidepressants and sedatives. They work to control brain chemistry, avoid panic attacks, and fend off the disorder’s most severe symptoms.

Alopecia

Alopecia

What is Alopecia?

Alopecia areata is a condition that causes small patches of hair to fall out. The disease occurs when the hair follicles are damaged by the immune system, causing hair loss. Sudden hair loss can occur on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other parts of the body, in some cases. It can also develop between instances slowly and recur after years. The condition can result in total hair loss, called alopecia universalis,

Causes of alopecia areata ?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune condition. An autoimmune condition occurs when healthy cells for foreign substances are confused by the immune system. The immune system normally protects your body from foreign invaders, such as viruses and bacteria.

However, if you have alopecia areata, your immune system will attack your hair follicles incorrectly. Hair follicles are the hair-growing structures. The follicles are getting smaller, stopping hair production, leading to hair loss.

Symptoms:

Usually, Hair falls out in small patches on the scalp. There are often several centimeters or less of these patches. Sudden hair loss can occur on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, and face, as well as other parts of the body, in some cases.

You can find hair clumps on your bed or in the shower at first. If the spots are on your head’s back, you may be noticed by someone. However, other health conditions may also cause hair to fall in a similar pattern. Loss of hair alone is not diagnosed with alopecia areata.

Some individuals may experience more extensive hair loss in rare cases. Usually this is an indication of a different type of alopecia, like:

  • alopecia totalis, which is the loss of all hair on the scalp
  • alopecia universalis, which is the loss of all hair on the entire body

 Prevention & Medical treatments

A family doctor, internist, or gynecologist may conduct a basic health screening. Dermatologists are physicians who are specialized in skin, hair and nail problems and can provide more advanced hair thinning and loss diagnosis and treatment. There are certain medical treatments,

• Topical agents
• Injections
• Oral treatments
• Light therapy

alcohol-abuse-and-alcoholis

Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

What are Alcohol abuse and alcoholism?

Abuse of alcohol and alcohol can lead to severe health conditions. Some disorders such as osteoporosis are aggravated by alcohol. It may contribute to some cancers. Alcohol abuse also makes other health issues, such as heart disease, difficult to diagnose. This is due to the way the circulatory system is affected by alcohol.

How does Alcohol affect a person?

Every organ in the body is affected by alcohol. It is a depressing central nervous system that is rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream from the stomach and small intestine. In the liver, alcohol is metabolized by enzymes. However, a small amount of alcohol can be metabolized at a time by the liver, leaving the excess alcohol to circulate throughout the body. The intensity of the effect of alcohol on the body is directly related to the amount consumed.

What health problems are associated with excessive alcohol use?

Excessive drinking in the form of heavy drinking or binge drinking is associated with numerous health problems, including

  •  Chronic diseases such as liver cirrhosis (liver cell damage); pancreatitis (pancreatic inflammation); various cancers including liver, mouth, throat, larynx (voice box) and esophagus; high blood pressure; and psychological disorders. Unintentional injuries, such as motor-vehicle traffic crashes, falls, drowning, burns, and firearm injuries.
  • Abuse, including child abuse, murder, and suicide. 
  • If a woman drinks during pregnancy, such as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, damage the developing fetus. 
  • The condition of sudden infant death (SIDS). 
  • Disorders in the use of alcohol.

Alcohol abuse treatment:

Some prescription medicines can be used to treat alcohol abuse by helping people to stop or reduce drinking. Once you’ve found a treatment that works for you, sticking to that treatment is important. Additionally, avoiding circumstances involving a lot of alcohol is helpful.

  • Do-it-yourself
  • Counseling
  • Treating underlying problems
  • Residential programs
  • Drug that provokes a severe reaction to alcohol
  • Drugs for cravings
  • Detoxification
  • Abstinence
  • Alcoholics Anonymous

Abdominal Pain

What is Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain is pain that you feel anywhere between your chest and groin. Abdominal pain can be acute or chronic and include sharp pain as well as dull pain. The abdomen is an anatomical area that is bounded by the lower margin of the ribs, the pelvic bone (pubic ramus) below, and the flanks on each side. Although pain can arise from the tissues of the abdominal wall that surround the abdominal cavity (such as the skin and muscles), the term abdominal pain generally is used to describe discomfort originating from organs within the abdominal cavity. Organs of the abdomen include the stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, gallbladder, spleen, and pancreas.

Other ways to describe pain in your abdomen include:

  • Generalized pain — This means that in more than half of your belly you feel it. This type of pain is more typical of a gas, indigestion, or stomach virus. If the pain gets worse, it can be caused by an intestinal blockage.
  • Localized pain — The pain found in one area of your belly. A symptom of an organ malfunction, such as the appendix, gallbladder, or abdomen, is more likely to be.
  • Cramp-like pain -Most of the time this kind of pain isn’t extreme. It is probably due to gas and bloating, and diarrhea is often accompanied. More alarming symptoms include more regularly occurring pain, lasting more than 24 hours, or occurring with fever.
  • Colicky pain — This type of pain comes in waves. It suddenly begins and ends very often, and is often severe. This type of abdominal pain is caused by kidney stones and gallstones.

What causes abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain is caused by inflammation of an organ. Some other causes include:

  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Food poisoning
  • Food allergies
  • Gas
  • Hernia
  • Gallstones
  • Kidney stones
  • Endometriosis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Appendicitis
  • Diverticulitis

Symptoms:

Common symptoms include:

  • Bloating
  • Belching
  • Gas (flatus, farting)
  • Indigestion
  • Discomfort in the upper left or right; middle; or lower left or right abdomen
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • GERD (gastro-esophageal reflux disease)
  • Heartburn
  • Chest discomfort
  • Pelvic discomfort

What Kind of Doctor Treats Abdominal Pain?

Abdominal pain can be treated by a variety of doctors depending on the cause of the pain. It is usually best to start with a primary care physician who can begin the diagnosis process of the pain’s origin. You will be treated by a primary care doctor (i.e. ulcers, infection) or referred to a surgeon (appendicitis, torsion of the ovary), gastroenterologist, depending on the final diagnosis.

Acne

Acne

What is acne?

Acne is a skin condition that occurs when oil and dead skin cells plug in your hair follicles. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples to appear on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, although it affects individuals of all ages.

There are effective treatments, but acne can be persistent. The pimples and bumps heal slowly, and others appear to crop up when one begins to go away.

Acne may cause emotional distress and scar the skin depending on its severity. The sooner treatment is started, the lower the risk of such problems.

What causes acne?

Four main factors cause acne:

  • Excess oil production
  • Hair follicles clogged by oil and dead skin cells
  • Bacteria
  • Excess activity of a type of hormone (androgens)
  • Hormonal changes and the menstrual cycle
  • Squeezing at existing pimples
  • Cleaning your skin too vigorously
  • Pressure, such as hats, backpack straps, and helmets
  • High humidity
  • Cosmetics, such as sunscreen lotion, and hair products
  • Medications.

Symptoms :

Acne signs and symptoms vary depending on the severity of your condition:

  • Whiteheads (Under the surface of the skin – closed plugged pores)
  • Blackheads (on the surface of the skin, open-plugged pores)
  • Small red, tender bumps (papules)
  • Pimples (pustules), which are papules with pus at their tips
  • Large, solid, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin (nodules)
  • Painful, pus-filled lumps beneath the surface of the skin (cystic lesions)

Best Treatment for acne scars?

  • Home skin care
  • Soft tissue fillers.
  • Laser resurfacing. 
  • Other energy-based procedures.
  • Dermabrasion.
  • Needling or rolling.
  • Surgery.
  • Chemical peeling.
  • Botox injections. 
  • Light therapy

Acne prevention

You can take many self-care steps to prevent acne or help heal and manage acne.

 • Wash your face with warm water and a mild facial cleaner.

• Use hair products that are non-comedogenic, sunscreen and makeup.

• Do not pinch or pick any defects.

• Do not touch your hands, phone and hair on your face.

• Maintain a healthy diet and avoid high-glycemic skim milk and food products.

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