What is Antibiotic ?

Antibiotics are medicines that help stop infections caused by bacteria. They do this by killing the bacteria or reproducing.Any drug that kills germs in your body is technically an antibiotic. Antibiotic resistance occurs when bacteria change in response to the use of these medicines. Bacteria, not humans or animals, become antibiotic-resistant.”

You can help prevent antibiotic resistance:

Infection prevention can reduce antibiotic use and limit the spread of resistance to antibiotics. One of the most effective ways of reducing the risk of infection is good basic hygiene. It includes good hygiene:

  • Wash your hands properly.
  • Prepare food hygienically.
  • Avoid close contact with the ill.
  • Keep up to date on your and your children’s vaccinations.
  • Defend your right to clean water and sanitation.
  • Always seek the guidance of a licensed healthcare practitioner while taking antibiotics.
  • Do not need antibiotics when your healthcare worker suggests that you do not want them. 
  • Do not share antibiotics with anyone.
  • Do not use any leftover antibiotics.

Messages to promote safe use of antibiotics:

  • Always seek advice when taking antibiotics from a trained health care professional. 
  • Antibiotic abuse is putting us all at risk. 
  • Antibiotics, such as colds and flu, do not cure viral infections.
  • It is not the person or animal that becomes resistant to antibiotics that the bacteria themselves. 
  • Effective treatment of waste will protect the environment and reduce the resistance to antibiotics. 

World No Tobacco Day

World No Tobacco Day, May 31 2020, seeks to protect young people from the advertising of major tobacco companies and to help them stop using cigarettes and nicotine. This awareness day will highlight the health problems associated with the use of tobacco and will inspire policymakers to adopt measures that will minimize smoking and usage of other tobacco products.

Tobacco smoke contains many chemical and particulate matter that irritates the airways and lungs. When those substances are inhaled by a smoker, the body tries to get rid of them by making mucus and cough.

How smoking tobacco damages your lungs ?

Smoking affects the airways in the lungs and the tiny air sacs. This damage starts in smokers early on and lung function tends to decline as long as the individual smokes. Nevertheless, the condition can take years to become apparent enough to diagnose lung disease. 

Smoking causes pneumonia and asthma. It also induces many other pulmonary diseases and can be almost as severe as lung cancer.

Other ways smoking tobacco affects your health

Not all of the smoking related health conditions result in deaths. Smoking impacts the health of a person in many ways, affecting almost every body organ and causing a lot of illnesses. Here are some examples of other ways cigarette smoking affects your health:

  • Increased risk of gum disease and tooth loss.
  • Wounds taking longer to heal
  • Decreased immune system function
  • Increased risk of type 2 diabetes
  • Decreased sense of smell and taste
  • Premature aging of the skin
  • Bad breath and stained teeth
  • Increased risk for cataracts (clouding of the lenses of the eyes)
  • Lower bone density (thinner bones), which means a higher risk for broken bones, including hip fracture.
  • Higher risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis
  • Increased risk for age-related macular degeneration, which can cause blindness
  • Increased risk of peptic ulcers

Many of the smoking-related health problems can steal a person’s quality of life long before he dies. Smoking-related illness can make breathing, moving around, working or playing more difficult for a person. Quitting smoking can reduce the smoking-related disability, especially at younger ages.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also referred to as blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main energy source, and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a pancreatic hormone, helps the glucose from food to enter your cells for energy use. Your body often does not produce enough – or any – insulin, or use insulin well. Glucose then remains in your blood and doesn’t reach your cells.

Types of diabetes :

Type 1 diabetes – Body Does not produce enough insulin.

Type 2 diabetes – Body produces insulin but can’t us it well.

Gestational Diabetes – A temporary condition in Pregnancy.

Diabetes higher risk and complications:

Diabetes can lead to complications in many parts of the body and increase the risk of dying prematurely.

  • Stroke
  • Blindness
  • Heart attack
  • Kidney Failure
  • Diabetic Foot
  • Diabetes Symptoms and warning sings
  • Feeling Thirsty
  • Feeling Hungry
  • Extreme Fatigue
  • Blurry Vision
  • Weight Loss
  • Numbness in the Hands/Feet
  • Cuts are slow to heal
  • Frequent Urination

Prevention :

  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Feel happy
  • Better sleep
  • Check blood glucose if in doubt
  • Control your blood pressure
  • Reduce LDL (bad) cholesterol and increase HDL (good) cholesterol.
  • Take Healthy Diet


10 Ways to take responsibility for your heart health-embarking on a healthy lifestyle to avoid heart disease. Schedule an annual inspection.Get your self physical. Eat good. Control Cholesterol. Cut the salt down. Stop smoking. Keep a healthy weight. Remain positive.

1. Schedule a Yearly Checkup 

Check your blood pressure, cholesterol, and glucose levels and ask your doctor to help you achieve and maintain a healthy weight. Make sure to follow the advice of your healthcare professional, including taking prescribed medications as directed. 

2. Get Physical Exercise

 Exercise can reduce the likelihood of heart disease. Reduce your risk of developing diabetes and hypertension. Reduce the risk of colon cancer and other cancer types. Improve your mood and your mental performance. Maintain strong bones and healthy joints. Help you keep your weight safe.

3. Drink More Water

Drinking Water Helps Maintain the Balance of Body Fluids. The functions of these bodily fluids include digestion, absorption, circulation.

4. Make Your Food

Making some improvements to your diet. Keep packages of unhealthy food hidden. Put raw veggies and fruits in front in the refrigerator and healthy snacks in the front of the pantry, so that’s what you see first.

5. Get Enough Sleep

How much sleep everyone needs, but experts generally agree that somewhere between seven and nine hours serves most adults very well. And this means uninterrupted sleep in a peaceful environment (as much as is possible).

6. Cut Down on Salt

To help lower high blood pressure, watch your salt intake. It may be disguised in food labels assodium alginate, sodium sulfite, sodium caseinate, disodium phosphate, sodium benzoate,sodium hydroxide, monosodium glutamate (MSG), or sodium citrate.

7. Quit Smoking

Smokers are at greater risk for diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels. you need to avoid smoking.

8. Maintain a Healthy Weight

Excess weight increases your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. To achieve steady,painless weight loss, take it easy. Each day, if you eat 200-300 calories less than you would normally consume, and exercise at least 30 minutes on most or all days of the week, you'll get closer to your goal and be able to achieve weight loss that’s steady and painless.

9. Stay Positive

If you get off your exercise schedule, have a cigarette, or eat a fattening meal, immediately get back on track toward re-establishing a healthy lifestyle.

10. Give Yourself Credit

To maintain momentum with exercising, losing weight, or quitting smoking, keep track of yourachievements and reward yourself by doing something you enjoy.

what is coronavirus ?

Coronavirus  :

Corona is actually a large group of viruses that are common in animals. Corona virus reaches animals from humans to humans. Its infection causes problems like fever, cold, shortness of breath, runny nose and sore throat.

Human Coronaviruses

Two human coronaviruses, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, have been known to frequently cause severe illness.

1. MERS-CoV (coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome).

2. SARS-CoV (coronavirus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome).

Symptoms and Diagnosis:

Most people get infected with these viruses, Symptoms may include

  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Cough
  • Sore throat
  • Fever
  • Difficulty breathing

Human Coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and older adults.

How does Coronavirus Spread ?

  • The Coronavirus spread primarily through close contact with another human.
  • Particularly by coughing or sneezing, taking care of a sick family member after blowing your nose.
  • Rubbing with the virus on an object or surface, then rubbing your mouth, nose or eyes before washing your hands.

Prevention :

There are currently no vaccines available to protect you from infection with the human coronavirus. By doing the following, you could reduce your risk of infection

  • Use soap and water to wash your hands often for at least 20 seconds.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hand.
  • Avoid close contact with sick people.

 How to protect others ?

If you have symptoms of colds, you can help protect others by doing the following

  • Stay home while you’re sick
  • Avoid close contact with others
  • If you cough or sneeze, cover your mouth and nose with tissue, then throw tissue into the garbage and wash your hands.
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces.

Is there a treatment for coronavirus?

There are no specific treatments for human coronavirus-caused diseases. Many people suffering from common human coronavirus disease should recover by themselves. You can however do some things to relieve the symptoms If you are mildly sick, you should

  • Drink plenty of liquids.
  • Stay home and rest.

If your symptoms concern you, you should see your health care provider.

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