Laparoscopy & Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopy and hysteroscopy

During infertility treatment, laparoscopy and hysteroscopy are recommended procedures. The doctor can see the tissues and organs inside your pelvis and do specific remedial surgeries using these methods. The uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other tissues within the pelvis are viewed and accessed via laparoscopy. Hysteroscopy is a treatment that allows doctors to see inside the uterus, identify abnormalities, and execute some remedial surgeries. These operations are best done shortly after menstruation, when the view is clear.
Laparoscopic SIMS Hospital
If you have pelvic pain or a history of pelvic disease, your doctor may consider a laparoscopy. Uterine fibroids, blocked tubes, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancies, ovarian cysts, adhesions, and other structural abnormalities are among the diseases it can help diagnose and treat. Following the initial fertility examination, a laparoscopy may be advised.
In order to determine the reason of infertility, miscarriage, or irregular uterine bleeding, a hysteroscopy is frequently recommended. Other imaging investigations, such as ultrasonography, are routinely performed first. A hysteroscopy can detect abnormalities such as fibroids, polyps, scarring, and congenital deformities within the uterine cavity. During hysteroscopy, surgery may be performed to repair specific problems. You may be instructed to take certain drugs to prepare your uterus before surgery.
How is it carried out?
In most cases, the procedure is performed under general anaesthetic. A laparoscope is a telescope-like tube that is introduced into the abdominal cavity through a tiny incision in the navel or nearby location. The internal organs are then separated from the cavity wall by carbon dioxide gas, which is injected into the abdominal cavity. This allows for a better vision through the laparoscope while also reducing the risk of injury. To manipulate the tissues being assessed, a tiny probe is placed through a similar incision in your lower belly. To identify any obstructions, fluid is passed through the cervix, uterus, and fallopian tubes. If a problem is discovered, surgical devices placed through 1-2 more incisions in your lower abdomen may be used to address it. The equipment are withdrawn after the procedure, the abdomen is deflated, and the incisions are sutured closed. Some procedures cannot be performed using the laparoscope and must be done through an open incision.
What are the dangers and repercussions?
You may suffer some pain and bruises at the incision sites after a laparoscopy. You may also experience some discomfort as a result of the gas being introduced into your abdomen. The type and scope of the surgery will determine how uncomfortable you are. You should be able to depart the same day and resume your normal activities within a few days.

Laparoscopy, like any other operation, carries hazards such as infection, hematomas in the abdominal wall, skin irritation, and, in rare cases, damage to internal organs, blood vessels, and nerves.
What is the procedure’s works?
The operation is done on an outpatient basis and does not require any incisions. A set of dilators are used to temporarily enlarge the cervical canal. A hysteroscope, a thin, long illuminated viewing tube, is then inserted through the cervix to reach the uterus. To widen the uterine cavity and allow a clearer view of its interior structure, saline fluid or carbon dioxide gas is delivered through the hysteroscope. Long surgical instruments are placed via narrow passages in the hysteroscope to reach the inside of the uterus and perform surgery. A catheter may be left in the uterus once the treatment is finished. For various surgeries, anti-infection and anti-healing medications may be administered.

For many days after hysteroscopy, you may have discomfort, vaginal discharge, and bleeding, which is typical. In a day or two, you should be able to resume your normal activities.
What are the potential dangers of hysteroscopy?
Hysteroscopy, like other operations, is associated with a small number of problems, including uterine perforation, haemorrhage, and injury to neighbouring organs. Complications from the fluid used to enlarge the uterus are possible.

Various gynaecological diseases, including infertility, can be diagnosed and treated by laparoscopy and hysteroscopy. Many operations can be done as outpatient procedures since they are minimally invasive, have fewer problems, and take less time to recover from. Diagnosis and treatment are sometimes carried out concurrently, decreasing the frequency of hospital visits.