Thermal Ablation

Thermal ablation is used to treat varies of cancer. Extreme temperatures (thermal) are used to destroy (ablate) cancer cells.

Thermal ablation comes in a variety of forms. This information pertains to the most common types, which are as follows.
Radiofrequency ablation:
For RFA, the doctor utilizes a needle known as an electrode. They insert the electrode into the tumor and apply a radiofrequency electrical current to it. This generates heat, which kills the cancer cells. The treated area gradually shrinks and transforms into scar tissue.
Thermal Ablation SIMS Hospital
Microwave ablation:
The doctor uses microwave energy to treat MWA by passing it through a needle and into the tumour.This generates heat, which kills the cancer cells. The treated area gradually shrinks and transforms into scar tissue.
The electrode in cryotherapy kills cancer cells by freezing them. The doctor inserts an electrode needle in to the tumor to freeze and destroy the cancer cells.

Other thermal ablation treatments include:
Laser therapy and high-intensity focused ultrasound are other two thermal ablation treatments (HIFU)

These treatments are carried out in a unique manner. More information about them may be available on our pages dedicated to the type of cancer you have.DR.Gopinath will also provide you with additional information

Thermal ablation can be performed more than once. To eliminate as many cancer cells as possible, more than one treatment may be required. If the tumor grows again, you may require additional thermal ablation treatment.

How Thermal Ablation Works:

Thermal ablation can be done in a variety of methods. It is determined by the type of tumour and its location in the body. The treatment will be explained to you by your doctor or a trained nurse.

Thermal ablation can be performed in one of the following ways:
Precutaneous Ablation:
This is the most often used approach, and it does not require surgery. The electrode is inserted into the tumour through the skin by the DR.Gopinanth. They are guided by images from an ultrasound, CT scan, or MRI scan.
Laparoscopic Ablation:
This is a surgical procedure. Several small cuts into the skin and muscle are made by the surgeon. They used a laparoscope (a miniature telescope) to look into one of the cuts. This aids in the placement of the electrode in the tumours.
Open Surgery:
The ablation is performed at the same time as a procedure to remove additional tumours.
Before having Thermal Ablation:
You will be asked not to have any food for several hours this will be suggested by DR.Gopinath or specialist nurse. If you need to take any medications, they will typically instruct you to do so as usual.

Your doctor will tell you when to stop taking them or if you need to migrate different dose.

You will see a doctor before the surgery to have the procedure explained to you. If you have any doubts, now is an excellent moment to ask inquiries. You will be asked to sign a form stating that you agree (consent) to the treatment by a doctor or nurse.

You will be given a hospital gown to change into by a nurse. A fine tube (cannula) will then be inserted into a vein in your arm or on the back of your hand by a doctor or nurse. They may also draw blood to check your overall health.
Thermal Ablation Treatments:
Thermal ablation is performed in a hospital scanning department or an operating room. The treatment is administered by a radiologist, a specialist who specialises in x-rays and scans.

It takes about 1 to 3 hours to complete the treatment.The size and number of tumours being treated.It is possible to receive treatment as an outpatient, but you required to stay in the hospital overnight after the treatement completion you need to arrangesomeone for to take you home.

Thermal ablation can be performed under a general anaesthetic. Alternatively, you could be given a local anaesthetic to numb the area and a sedative to put you to sleep.

An ultrasound or CT scan will be performed once the anaesthetic has worn off. These scans assist the doctor in placing the electrode in the right position. They also assist the doctor in keeping track of what is going on during your treatment.

The tip of the electrode is heated for RFA and MWA, or chilled for cryotherapy, when it is in the right position.

A healthy tissue area surrounding the tumour is frequently treated as well. This is due to the possibility that it contains cancer cells.

The doctor may adjust the electrode and repeat the treatment if you have a larger tumour or several tumours. They could also use many electrodes.
What Thermal Ablation Do:
Thermal ablation can be used for a variety of purposes, including
It can be used on its own or in combination with other cancer treatments.

If surgery would be problematic, thermal ablation could be used instead. It can also be employed if you are not in good enough health to undergo a major procedure.

If you have tumour:
Can be reached with an electrode
CT scan or an ultrasound scan may reveal this.
and is not close to other organs where there is a danger of harm, you may have thermal ablation.
Side Effects of Thermal Ablation:
The majority of side effects only last a few days. One or more of the following side effects may occur.
Thermal ablation’s Potential Drawbacks